Rinsho Shinkeigaku (Clinical Neurology)

Case Report

Herpes zoster duplex associated with Ramsay Hunt syndrome and cervical zoster paresis.
A case report

Hiroshi Shoji, M.D.1), Megumi Mizoguchi, M.D.1), Sayumi Yamamoto, M.D.2), Toshifumi Abe, M.D.2), Shuichi Oguri, M.D.3) and Masayuki Baba, M.D.4)

1) Department of Neurology, St. Mary's Hospital
2) Department of Dermatology, St. Mary's Hospital
3) Department of Radiology, St. Mary's Hospital
4) Department of Neurology, Aomori Prefectural Central Hospital

A 63-year-old Japanese female in an immunocompetent state developed right Ramsay Hunt syndrome and left shoulder pain, and left upper limb motor paresis with herpes zoster (HZ) duplex in the right auricle and left shoulder regions. With her Ramsay Hunt syndrome, neural deafness, tinnitus and vestibular symptoms were observed, and she lacked facial nerve palsy. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) findings revealed an increase in lymphocytes (21 cells/µl) and protein content (29 mg/dl), and polymerase chain reaction for varicella-zoster virus DNA in CSF was negative. Cervical root MRI using 3D Nerve VIEW (Philips) imaging showed high-intensity lesions on the C5-C8 spinal roots with contrast enhancements. No abnormalities were observed in the median or ulnar motor sensory nerve conduction velocity conduction studies including the F wave. PubMed search revealed no report of a patient with this profile, and to the best of our knowledge HZ duplex with concomitant neurological impairments has not been reported. We compare our present case with several similar cases from the literature.
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(CLINICA NEUROL, 61: 39|42, 2021)
key words: herpes zoster duplex, varicella-zoster virus, Ramsay Hunt syndrome, segmental zoster paresis, polyradiculoneuritis

(Received: 1-Aug-20)