Rinsho Shinkeigaku (Clinical Neurology)

Brief Clinical Note

Anti-myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibody-positive neurologic disease, manifested as clinical course of classical Devic's disease: A case report

Satoru Oji, M.D., Ph.D.1), Tetsuo Yamaga, M.D.1), Masato Suzuki, M.D.1), Satoru Tanaka, M.D.1), Hikoaki Fukaura, M.D., Ph.D.1) and Kyoichi Nomura, M.D., Ph.D.1)

1)Department of Neurology, Saitama Medical Center, Saitama Medical University

A 33-year-old male was admitted to our hospital due to bilateral optic neuritis (ON) and transverse myelitis (TM), which occurred almost simultaneously. Spinal MRI showed the longitudinally extensive TM, located from C2 to conus. Serum anti-aquaporin 4 antibody was negative. He was tentatively diagnosed as seronegative neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD). During the clinical course, serum anti-myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) antibody was detected, and finally he was diagnosed as anti-MOG antibody positive neurologic disease (MOG-ND). Our case highlighted that early detection of MOG antibody should be considered in male cases with clinical manifestation of classical Devic's disease, such as simultaneous disease onset of bilateral ON or ON + TM.
Full Text of this Article in Japanese PDF (751K)

(CLINICA NEUROL, 60: 219|222, 2020)
key words: anti-myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibody, neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders, optic neuritis, transverse myelitis, Devic's disease

(Received: 26-Oct-19)