Rinsho Shinkeigaku (Clinical Neurology)

Brief Clinical Note

A case of anti-AQP4 antibody-positive recurrent myelitis overlapped with autoimmune disorders including incomplete CREST syndrome revealed multiple discontinuous cord lesions

Makio Takahashi, M.D., Rie Nagata, M.D., Akihiko Ozaki, M.D., Satoshi Kaneko, M.D., Hidemoto Saiki, M.D. and Sadayuki Matsumoto, M.D.

Department of Neurology, Kitano Hospital

A 65-year-old woman presenting with multiple autoimmune disorders including incomplete CREST overlapping with aquaporin 4 (AQP4) antibody-positive recurrent myelitis was reported. She also clinically suffered from Sjögren syndrome and primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). She had dysesthesia below C4 level, mild motor weakness and hyperreflexia without pathological reflexes on bilateral lower extremities. A T2-weighted MRI indicated multiple discontinuous spinal cord lesions at C1-5 and T7/8. A visual evoked potential study disclosed bilateral prolonged latency of P100. She clinically manifested not only incomplete CREST syndrome (facial teleangiectasia, sclerodactyly in bilateral fingers, and Raynaud's phenomenon), but also Sjögren (sicca syndrome) and PBC (jaundice). Immunoserological study showed that she was positive for anti-nuclear, anti-centromere, and anti-AQP4 (=NMO-IgG) antibodies. A combination therapy with corticosteroid and plasmapheresis was effective for all clinical symptoms. Therefore, this case stresses on the relevance of anti-AQP 4 antibody to the other overlapping autoimmune disorders, such as CREST syndrome, when recurrent myelitis is clinically diagnosed.
Full Text of this Article in Japanese PDF (620K)

(CLINICA NEUROL, 49: 115|118, 2009)
key words: CREST, aquaporin 4 (AQP4) antibody, anti-centromere antibody (ACA), multiple discontinuous spinal cord lesions, neuromyelitis optica (NMO)

(Received: 19-May-08)