Rinsho Shinkeigaku (Clinical Neurology)

Case Report

Primary central nervous system post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder with few specific abnormal findings observed on MRI and in the cerebrospinal fluid

Yuko Takeuchi, M.D., Ph.D.1), Jun Ochiai, M.D., Ph.D.2), Osamu Onoda, M.D.2)3), Morikuni Nishihira, M.D.4), Kazuharu Uchida, M.D., Ph.D.5) and Mari Yoshida, M.D., Ph.D.6)

1) Department of Neurology, Masuko Memorial Hospital
2) Department of Neurology, Nagoya Ekisaikai Hospital
3) Present Address: Department of Neurology, Toyohashi Municipal Hospital
4) Department of Nephrology, Yuuai Medical Center
5) Department of Transplant Surgery, Masuko Memorial Hospital
6) Institute for Medical Science of Aging, Aichi Medical University

A 60-year-old woman, who had a kidney transplant 16 years ago, was admitted to our hospital owing to cognitive decline and gait disturbances. She developed ataxia, consciousness disturbances, and myoclonus, and died two years after the onset of symptoms. No specific findings were observed on MRI or in the cerebrospinal fluid and blood analyses. The patient was diagnosed with post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) based on the results of the autopsy. Pathological findings revealed proliferating monoclonal B cells in the perivascular space that was confined to the central nervous system. PTLD is a serious complication of transplantation. Furthermore, PTLD of the central nervous system usually presents as nodular lesions on MRI. When neurological symptoms appear after transplantation, it is necessary to consider PTLD as a differential diagnosis even if abnormal findings cannot be pointed out on MRI.
Full Text of this Article in Japanese PDF (5519K)

(CLINICA NEUROL, 62: 44|48, 2022)
key words: transplantation, post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders, MRI, B cell, immunosuppressive agent

(Received: 31-Jul-21)