Rinsho Shinkeigaku (Clinical Neurology)

Case Report

A surgical case of mesial temporal lobe epilepsy associated with hippocampal sclerosis and traumatic neocortical lesion

Yu Kitazawa, M.D.1)2), Kazutaka Jin, M.D., Ph.D.1), Masaki Iwasaki, M.D., Ph.D.3), Hiroyoshi Suzuki, M.D., Ph.D.4), Fumiaki Tanaka, M.D., Ph.D.2) and Nobukazu Nakasato, M.D., Ph.D.1)

1)Department of Epileptology, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine
2)Department of Neurology and Stroke Medicine, Yokohama City University Graduate School of Medicine
3)Department of Neurosurgery, National Center Hospital, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry
4)Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Sendai Medical Center

A 26-year-old right-handed woman, with a history of left temporal lobe contusion caused by a fall at the age of 9 months, started to have complex partial seizures with oral automatism at the age of 7 years. The seizures occurred once or twice a month despite combination therapy with several antiepileptic agents. Her history and imaging studies suggested the diagnosis of epilepsy arising from traumatic neocortical temporal lesion. Comprehensive assessment including long-term video EEG monitoring, MRI, FDG-PET, MEG, and neuropsychological evaluation was performed at the age of 26 years. The diagnosis was left mesial temporal lobe epilepsy associated with hippocampal atrophy and traumatic temporal cortical lesion. The patient was readmitted for surgical treatment at the age of 27 years. Intracranial EEG monitoring showed that ictal discharges started in the left hippocampus and spread to the traumatic lesion in the left posterior superior temporal gyrus 10 seconds after the onset. This case could not be classified as dual pathology exactly, because the traumatic left temporal cortical lesion did not show independent epileptogenicity. However, the traumatic lesion was highly likely to be the source of the epileptogenicity, and she had right hemispheric dominance for language and functional deterioration in the whole temporal cortex. Therefore, left amygdalo-hippocampectomy and left temporal lobectomy including the traumatic lesion were performed according to the diagnosis of dual pathology. Subsequently, she remained seizure-free for 3 years. Comprehensive assessment of seizure semiology, neurophysiology, neuroradiology, and neuropsychology is important to determine the optimum therapeutic strategies for drug-resistant epilepsy.
Full Text of this Article in Japanese PDF (1440K)

(CLINICA NEUROL, 57: 698|704, 2017)
key words: mesial temporal lobe epilepsy, hippocampal sclerosis, traumatic neocortical lesion, dual pathology, video EEG monitoring

(Received: 21-Mar-17)