Rinsho Shinkeigaku (Clinical Neurology)

Original Article

Quantitative MRI Study of Progressive Cerebral Atrophy in Multiple System Atrophy

Masaaki Konagaya, M. D. 1), Yukihiko Matsuoka M. D. 1) and Yoko Konagaya M. D. 2)

1)Department of Neurology, Suzuka National Hospital, Suzuka
2)Department of Neurology, JR Tokai General Hospital, Nagoya

We investigated cerebral atrophy in multiple system atrophy (MSA) by quantitative analysis of MRI. The subjects were 28 patients with MSA (14 striato-nigral degeneration; SND, 14 olivo-ponto-cerebellar atrophy; OPCA. 106 MRI examinations were performed totally) and 85 normal persons for control. The ratios of the ventral pons to the infratentorial space in the sagittal section, the putamen, cerebrum, frontal lobe and parietal & occipital lobes to the intracranial space in the horizontal section, and the temporal lobe to the intracranial space in the coronal section were measured. In the early stage of the disease, OPCA showed significant atrophy of the ventral pons compared with SND, and conversely, SND demonstrated significantly smaller putamen than that in OPCA. According to the progression of the disease, the atrophy of these neural tissues progressed, which resulted in no significant differences between SND and OPCA. The cerebral atrophy was observed in 17 MSA patients. The atrophy of the frontal lobe was much frequent and prominent to that in the temporal lobe and parietal & occipital lobes. SND showed higher incidence of the cerebral atrophy than OPCA in the early stage of the disease. In long period follow-up cases, one case showed cerebral atrophy in earlier stage, and another case in late stage. We indicated the involvement of the cerebral hemispheres in MSA, especially the frontal lobe.

(CLINICA NEUROL, 42: 118|125, 2002)
key words: multiple system atrophy, cerebral atrophy, frontal lobe atrophy

(Received: 16-Jun-01)